The breakdown of table sugar into glucose and fructose is an example of a( n ) ________ reaction.

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Upon entry into the sarcoplasm, fructose is phosphorylated and converted to glycogen, lactate or CO 2, but these occur at rates far lower than when glucose is the precursor (Zierath et al., 1995). However, the predominant role of glucose in muscle energy metabolism in humans and rats should not lead to blind extrapolation to nectarivorous ...

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Metabolism - Metabolism - The catabolism of sugars other than glucose: The main storage carbohydrate of animal cells is glycogen, in which chains of glucose molecules—linked end-to-end, the C1 position of one glucose being linked to the C4 position of the adjacent one—are joined to each other by occasional linkages between a carbon at position 1 on one glucose and a carbon at position 6 on ...

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This reaction is very important in industry for baking and brewing. Yeast, is most commonly used in baking to break glucose, or other sugars to produce different products. In baking and brewing different type of yeast is used. An enzyme called invertase will convert a sugar called sucrose into smaller sugar molecules called glucose and fructose. Glucose is fermented by the yeast to ethanol and carbon dioxide. In sucrose, a chemical bond joins the glucose and fructose. Once one eats, stomach acid and gut enzymes rapidly break down this chemical bond. In HFCS, no chemical bond joins the glucose and...

Glycolysis involves nine distinct reactions that convert glucose into pyruvate. In this section, we will cover the first four of these reactions, which convert glucose into glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. Glucose is a six- memebered ring molecule found in the blood and is usually a result of the breakdown of carbohydrates into sugars. Sep 30, 2014 · In addition, when acetate was supplemented into the medium, fewer genetic features were significantly differentially expressed when xylose was used as the sole carbon source than when glucose was used (76 versus 148) (Table 1, Additional file 3: Table S2-2, S2-3). This result further indicates that the utilization of the non-native sugar xylose ... The effects of glucose and other forms of sugar on the brain may be the most profound in diabetes, a group of diseases in which high blood glucose levels persist over a prolonged period of time. Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, a hormone used by the body to keep ...